For the protection of Macao’s wild bird population and their natural ecosystem, the Civic and Municipal Affairs Bureau (IACM) has paid monthly visits to the different woodlands, wetlands, intertidal zones and country parks since 2006 to conduct Macao’s wild bird survey in order to understand the wild bird resources in Macao.
According to findings of the bird survey conducted in 2016, over 35 species of bird were identified at a large number of the survey points, including Grand Taipa Hiking Trail, Small Taipa 2000 Circuit, Hác-Sá Reservoir Family Walk, Coloane North-east Hiking Trail Network, Ká-Hó Reservoir Lakeside Walk, wetlands around Avenida da Praia of Taipa and the Ecological Zone I and Zone II in Cotai city. Over the year, a total of 126 species belonging to 40 families and 11 orders were identified, with Pycnonotus sinensis (forest bird) and Egretta garzetta (waterbird) as the dominant species. The common ones accounted 10 species (forest birds: Zosterops japonicas, Acridotheres cristatellus, Spilopelia chinensis, Leucodioptron canorum, Apus nipalensis and Passer montanus; waterbirds: Anas crecca, Nycticorax nycticorax, Ardea cinerea and Ardea modesta). Five species which are under China’s State Protection (Category II) were also recorded, namely Platalea minor (black-faced spoonbill), Milvus migrans, Accipiter virgatus, Buteo buteo and Centropus sinensis. Newly discovered species included Gorsachius melanolophus, Charadrius placidus, Monticola gularis, Capella stenura, Hydrophasianus chirurgus, Tringa guttifer, Tringa erythropus and Pitta nympha.
Since the winter of 2013, the IACM has partnered with the Environmental Protection Bureau and Macau Aves Society in the different bird surveys led by Hong Kong Bird Watching Society, like the “International Black-faced Spoonbill Census”, “Association of Other Waterbird Species with Wintering Population of Black-faced Spoonbills in the Pearl River Delta” and “China Coastal Waterbird Census”. In the “2017 International Black-faced Spoonbill Census”, in which 17 countries and regions participated, 3,941 black-faced spoonbills have been recorded globally, an increase of 585 compared to that of 2016, marking an increase of 17.4%. In Macao, 44 of these wintering birds have been identified. Two of them had identification band attached to their legs. The IACM has already notified other participating countries and regions of the Census about its important findings on the migratory aspects of black-faced spoonbill. In the future, the IACM will continue its conservation of rare bird species through regional cooperation.
Birds are all-natural pest controllers. They are conducive to the natural succession of forests and play an active role in the balance of Nature. As part of its conservation efforts, the IACM has planted a variety of fruit-bearing and nectar plants across the woodlands and hills, and cultivated mangroves in the shallow waters along the Leisure Area of Taipa Waterfront to create more roosting and foraging grounds for birds.